Jamestown Virginia Culture
The Jamestown Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English colony in America, founded in 1607 AD, and named after King James I. Today I read about the history of the colony and its history as a colony. The small triangular fort, inhabited by about 100 settlers at the mouth of the James River, is named after Queen Elizabeth I of England, daughter of King George I, who founded the colonies of New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia and New Hampshire, all founded in 1607 by King William the Conqueror and his son, King Charles II. Jamestedown was also the "first permanent English colony" in America, according to the US State Department's National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
The settlement flourished but was abandoned after the capital moved to Williamsburg in 1699, according to the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
Jamestown was transferred by the Charter from the Virginia Company to the Crown of England, which meant that it was now a colony run by the English monarchy. In 1624, the Virginia Company lost the title of "Colony" to a crown in England, to make it a royal colony. In order to bring the situation under better control, King James I made Virginia an official "crown colony" and dissolved it in 1701.
By the time the Virginia Company was withdrawn from Jamestown, the British had established themselves as a colonial power on the mainland, while the Spanish and Dutch had given up colonizing the Mid-Atlantic region, which might have prevented the establishment of English settlements in New England. By that time, however, the new settlers had gained control of the Chesapeake Bay area and established a number of new colonies, including Plymouth in 1620.
The Plymouth expedition founded the Popham Colony in what is now Maine, and the Virginia Company from London sent an expedition to find Jamestown, Virginia. It was the first step towards the establishment of a permanent trading centre, followed by the establishment of the Plymouth company in 1620. And then the New England colonies in the 1630s and 1640s.
Despite these setbacks, the English built their first permanent colony, which they called Jamestown, and established it as a joint venture known as the Virginia Company. Virginia became a royal colony in 1640, although it was run as a private company by the Maryland Company and the New England Company in the 17th century.
Jamestown, named after King James I, was founded in 1607 as the first permanent English settlement, and a period of peace followed. In 1613, John Rolfe, who married Pocahontas in 1614, developed a new type of tobacco that gave the colony its first real source of income and committed Virginia to agriculture and plantation farming. Tobacco became Virginia's first profitable export, and despite initial difficulties, the introduction of new varieties of tobacco that were better quality than local varieties soon meant that Virginia's economy thrived from this new crop.
The Virginia Company thought that the colonists could trade with the Indians to meet basic needs, but the company lacked the resources to send several expeditions just to make sure they had enough food. The Jamestown settlers survived the first two years by trading with the Powhatan Indians for food, and Kupperman notes that investors in London hoped that if they were still alive, they could use the knowledge they had acquired in the area to guide mineral routes to East Asia.
Jamestown was sponsored by wealthy investors who wanted to benefit from the natural resources extracted from the New World colonies. Pocahontas became the perfect marketing tool for the joint venture that Jamestow founded, the Virginia Company. One of the main goals of those who were with the settlers in Jamestssawn during their time was to secure the rights to send natural resources to pay investors in Virginia. The settlers were aware that their only hope of compensation for their work was to secure the right to be sent back to East Asia with natural resources in exchange for repayment to the Va investor.
Historians believe that Powhatan surrounded Jamestown, watched closely as the colonists left the country, and tried to starve the people inside and bring about the end of Jamestown. The settlers "relationship with Pow Hatan suffered when JamesTown settlers stayed on his land and some settlers were caught stealing food from his camp. This brought Jamestedown to the brink of failure and ended his life as a colony in the form of hunger, disease and death.
According to the Jamestown Yorktown Foundation, the Powhatan people have persistently embraced a new lifestyle, preserved their cultural pride, and left a legacy to their descendants who still live in Virginia. For more information about the history of the Native Americans who first inhabited Virginia, see Colonial Jamestedown. Children can learn about a woman who came to Jamestsown from England in 1608 and her encounter with an American native. If we remember how difficult the beginning was, we can preserve the story of how it all began and the legacy of Pow Hatan and his people.